The New Extremism in 21st Century Britain (Extremism and Democracy)
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
Since the 1990s, there has been a growing concern about the resurgence of extremist and radical movements in the Western world. Although a variety of challenges to the liberal democratic order have emerged, the main focus of concern among academics, policy-makers and practitioners within Europe and beyond has been on the growth and activities of Islamists and to a lesser extent the extreme right. However, these forms of extremism are seldom placed alongside each other, and in a manner that is sensitive to both the causes and consequences of extremist mobilization. This book presents new empirical research on the causes of these two ‘new’ extremisms in 21st Century Britain and the appropriate responses to it by both the state and civil society.
Both forms of extremism pose vital questions for those concerned with the development of a more cohesive and stable society. Unlike many studies, this volume adopts a holistic approach, bringing together experts from a variety of disciplines to examine the factors that cause support and the potential policy responses, including key questions such as:
- What is the current level of support for Islamism and right-wing extremism?
- Who votes for extreme right parties such as the BNP in modern Britain and, despite its recent gains, why has the extreme right achieved only limited success?
- What are the steps of recruitment into radical violent takfiri jihadism?
- How effective are current responses to Islamism and the extreme right, such as those offered by Preventing Violent Extremism (PVE), wider public policy and policing?
- What is the potential role of political actors, media and civil society in responding to the extremist challenge?
Challenging broad assumptions and bringing together leading scholars in this rapidly developing field, this work is essential reading for all those with an interest in terrorism, fascism, political extremism, social cohesion and the future of race relations.
Studlar, D.T. (1985) ‘Waiting for the catastrophe? Race and the political agenda in Britain’, Patterns of Prejudice, 19: 3–15. Thomas, P. (2009) ‘Between two stools? The government’s “Preventing Violent Extremism” agenda’, Political Quarterly, 80: 282–91. Vertovec, S. (2007) ‘Super-diversity and its implications’, Ethnic and Racial Studies, 30(6): 1024–54. Part I 1 Religious extremism in Britain and British Muslims Threatened citizenship and the role of religion Maria Sobolewska.
To elucidate on the elusive term ‘extremism’, stresses the importance of studying both causes and policy responses and provides brief highlights of the chapters that follow, partly to illustrate the importance of adopting a more holistic approach. In the Conclusion, we ask whether the broad implications of Parts I and II do not swing the pendulum too far away from the conventional wisdoms about the primacy of the Islamist over the extreme-right threat to British democracy and society, and set out.
Also been dynamic elements to British state responses that suggest limits to any completely static interpretation of the three-pronged framework. The scope of repression and especially of integration efforts has greatly expanded over time. This is true comparing developments pre- and post9/11 and even more so for those pre- and post-7/7. There have also been small recalibrations of government terminology when discussing extremism. Most ofﬁcial publications dance around the Islamic or Muslim.
Viewed as being intertwined with human thinking and behaviour (Goleman 2003). Therefore, it might be suggested that a way of altering cognitions and transforming how individuals relate to, and interact with, the world is through an awareness of, and working with, emotions. Muslim Contact Unit and legitimacy Lambert’s research study consists of an insider’s analysis of the London-based MCU and Muslim community partnership initiative intended to counter the inﬂuence of al-Qaeda propaganda and.
Violent extremism’. This tends to focus on the international level, or on interventions with targeted individuals, and to prioritize security oriented responses (Sageman 2007; Eilstrup-Sangiovanni and Jones 2008). There is a lack of academic studies on initiatives designed to build community resilience to the threat of violent extremism. What commentary does exist tends to be journalistic, or fatalistic (or both). Academic sources have stressed the top-down, coercive nature of the government.