A People's History of the Second World War: Resistance Versus Empire
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A People's History of the Second World War unearths the fascinating history of the war as fought 'from below'. Until now, the vast majority of historical accounts have focussed on the conflict between the Allied and Axis powers for imperialist mastery. Donny Gluckstein shows that in fact between 1939 and 1945 two distinct wars were fought – one ‘from above’ and one ‘from below’.
Using examples from countries under the Nazi heel, in the colonies and within the Axis and Allied camps, Gluckstein brings to life the very different struggle of the people's and resistance movements which proliferated during the war. He shows how they fought not just fascism, but colonialism and empire, and were betrayed by the Allies at the war’s end.
This book will fundamentally challenge our understanding of the Second World War – both about the people who fought it and the reasons for which it was fought.
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Ministers in the Cairo government. Thus the PEEA’s first meeting had also been its last. Stavrianos, ‘The Greek National Liberation Front’, p. 54. 97. Clogg. p. 174 and Sarafis, p. 387. 98. Clogg, p. 174. 99. Eudes, p. 145–8. 100. Woodhouse, Apple, p. 199. 101. Tsoucalas, p. 77. 102. Mazower, Inside, pp. 295–6. 103. Woodhouse, Apple, p. 196. 104. Eudes, p. 105. See also Vukmanovic. 105. Sarafis, p. iii. 106. Woodhouse, Apple, p. 214. 107. Tsoucalas, p. 134. 108. Quoted in Stavrianos,.
Sight perplexing. Tito, an acknowledged CP leader, never accepted British orders. ELAS’s leadership, on the other hand, comprised three people of whom only one (the EAM representative) was closely tied to the KKE.15 The others were Stephanos Sarafis, (initially) a non-communist army officer, and Aris Velouchiotis, a kapetan. The kapetans were a group of ‘bold, charismatic and fiercely independent [chieftains who] had appreciated the possibilities of armed resistance earlier than anyone else’.16.
German panzers came within 10km of Cairo. The morale of Britain’s ‘desert rats’ had to be rapidly reconstituted, so Field Marshal Montgomery motivated his troops by giving them a purpose for risking their lives. This was explained to them by the newly founded Army Bureau of Current Affairs (ABCA), a body largely run by radically-minded tutors committed to making the Second World War a people’s war.80 The King’s Regulations forbad political activity by soldiers, but in the highly charged.
‘subject India cannot offer voluntary or willing help to an arrogant imperialism which is indistinguishable from fascist authoritarianism’.43 In 1942 Churchill despatched Sir Stafford Cripps to solve a public relations problem. The US Senate Foreign Relations Committee wanted India to have autonomy, ‘otherwise the United States would be just fighting to preserve the British Empire’, and Indians would die so as ‘to prolong England’s mastery over them’.44 Accordingly, on 10 March, Roosevelt.
Hitler’s ambitions through an alliance with Britain and France that threatened war on two fronts. A Spanish Republican victory that brought ‘the death of capitalism’ would alienate these western powers; a victory for Franco, with Nazi backing, would be equally damaging. Hugh Thomas concludes: ‘With crablike caution, therefore, Stalin seems to have reached one conclusion, and one conclusion only, about Spain: he would not permit the Republic to lose, even though he would not help it to win.’37.