The Astronomy Revolution: 400 Years of Exploring the Cosmos
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Some 400 years after the first known patent application for a telescope by Hans Lipperhey, The Astronomy Revolution: 400 Years of Exploring the Cosmos surveys the effects of this instrument and explores the questions that have arisen out of scientific research in astronomy and cosmology. Inspired by the international New Vision 400 conference held in Beijing in October 2008, this interdisciplinary volume brings together expanded and updated contributions from 26 esteemed conference speakers and invited others. Looking beyond questions of science to the role of moral responsibility in human civilizations, the book offers the unique vantage points of contributions from both Eastern and Western cultures.
Extensively illustrated in full color, this book consists of six parts. Aimed at young scientists, the first part presents perspectives on creativity and technology in scientific discovery. In the second part, contributors examine how the telescope has impacted our knowledge of the Universe―from the formation of galaxies to the death of stars. The third part of the book outlines some of the challenges we face in understanding dark matter, dark energy, black holes, and cosmic rays, and the fourth part discusses new technologies that will be useful in attacking new and unresolved questions. The fifth part of the book examines the intellectual impact that the telescope has had on society in China and in the West.
The book concludes with an investigation of "big questions": What is the origin of the laws of physics as we know them? Are these laws the same everywhere? How do these scientific laws relate to the moral laws of society? Does what we know depend on cultural ways of asking the questions? Is there life elsewhere? And what about the questions that science cannot answer? Celebrating the historical significance of the telescope, this unique book seeks to inspire all those involved or interested in the enterprise of astronomy as humankind continues the quest to unveil the heavens.
The SN Ia explosion, leading to possible biases as the demographics of the SN Ia population shifts slightly with look-back time (Howell et al., 2007; Sarkar et al., 2008). Recent evidence has shown the first indications of a variation in SN Ia luminosity with host galaxy properties, even after corrections for light curve shape have been made (Kelly et al., 2010; Sullivan et al., 2010). However, new empirical techniques have been developed that allow these effects to be calibrated in a.
The projected substructure fraction within 10 kpc is as high as 1%. GALAXY FORMATION Here are some things we don’t know about galaxy formation: • • • • How do galaxies acquire their baryons? Is the halo mass the main quantity that determines the morphology of a galaxy? How do disk galaxies form, in particular, bulgeless Sc/Sd galaxies? How do elliptical galaxies and S0 galaxies form? The Formation and Evolution of Galaxies 47 • The merger history of halos is extremely varied; how do.
Type Ic FIGURE 6.12â•… Idealized cross sections of the progenitor stars of Type II, Ib, and Ic SNe, immediately prior to the explosion. Only the outer few layers are shown, but the layers interior to them may be seen in Figure 6.10. (Credit: Alex Filippenko and Frank Serduke.) 94 The Astronomy Revolution: 400 Years of Exploring the Cosmos (Filippenko, 1988), but a much more extensively studied case was SN 1993J (e.g., Filippenko et al., 1993, 1994; Matheson et al., 2000a, b). Maund et al.
Is the true geometry of the Universe? What is the origin of the physical laws of the Universe? are more tenuous. Dealing with the Multiverse, Paul Davies in his chapter and Renata Kallosh and Andrei Linde in their chapter discuss whether the Universe we see is as small and deterministic as it appears in the first seven chapters of this book. These two chapters in tandem show the evolution of ideas in this relatively new field, not only because of the authors’ approach, but because the Davies.
Educational Research in Apple Valley, California, allows students to use a dedicated 34 m (111 ft) radio astronomy telescope at NASA’s Deep Space Network Goldstone Complex. Connected via the Internet, students point the massive dish at targets in space and record their findings. Bottom Left Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe The Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) satellite, a NASA Explorer mission, revealed conditions as they existed in the early Universe by measuring the properties.