Yorkshire Dales (Collins New Naturalist Library, Book 130)

Yorkshire Dales (Collins New Naturalist Library, Book 130)

Language: English

Pages: 384


Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

A definitive natural history of the Yorkshire Dales, covering the range of wildlife habitats, rich cultural heritage and ecological history of one of our best-loved National Parks.

The Yorkshire Dales National Park is a special place: its outstanding scenery and the diversity of habitats is perhaps unrivalled in any other National Park in Britain. This rich biodiversity has been a great attraction to naturalists for over two centuries. But to fully appreciate the present-day plant and animal communities, their status and the constraints upon them, it is important to understand the geology and landscape history of the National Park, including the role that human populations have played in modifying the environment.

In this long-anticipated New Naturalist volume, John Lee introduces the National Park, exploring both its geology and geomorphology, and describing the role of early naturalists and the Yorkshire Naturalists Union in recording and understanding the natural history of the Dales. He describes the major habitats or groups of habitats which underline the ecological importance of the Dales.

Lee covers the earliest settlement times to the modern day, and he focuses in particular on the most iconic plant of the Dales, the Lady’s Slipper Orchid, arguably the rarest of native British plants, which until recently was thought to be confined to a single plant in the Dales. Lee takes a historical approach, describing its near eradication and early attempts to conserve it – including the establishment of a secret society – concluding with recent scientific conservation approaches.

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(SACs), to protect species and habitats of European importance. The Ingleborough Complex, the Craven Limestone Complex, which includes Malham Tarn, and Ox Close near Carperby are three SACs subsequently designated which lie wholly within the National Park, with parts of the North Pennine Meadows, North Pennine Moors and the River Eden SACs also included. The Earth Summit was followed in 1994 by the United Kingdom government’s publication of the UK Biodiversity Action Plan (UK BAP), which.

Encouraged the development of local biodiversity action plans. Nature in the Dales: a Biodiversity Action Plan for the Yorkshire Dales National Park was produced in 2000 by the National Park Authority in consultation with the Dales Biodiversity Forum. The key aims of the costed programme were: To conserve and, where practicable, enhance: (a)   the overall populations and natural ranges of native species and the quality and range of habitats in the Yorkshire Dales. (b)   the biodiversity value.

And Grey Squirrel Sciurus carolinensis in woodland sites in the north-west of the Yorkshire Dales National Park. The Naturalist, 136, 163–169. Court, I. R. & Fawcett, H. (2008). The distribution of red squirrels Sciurus vulgaris in the Yorkshire Dales National Park between 1990 and 2006. The Naturalist, 133, 55–66. Court, I. R. & Whitaker, T. M. (2013). Butterfly transect monitoring in the Yorkshire Dales National Park in 2012. In: Yorkshire Dales National Park Authority Conservation Research &.

Larger twentieth-century conifer plantations may have considerable value in terms of the conservation of certain animal species, including the Red Squirrel, and possibly also of some birds of prey. However, it is unlikely that new large blocks of woodland covering the dale sides, which have been strongly opposed in the past (see e.g. Speakman, 2014), would be welcomed by residents and visitors who love the open Dales landscape or, for that matter, be approved of by the National Park Authority.

Far too short a time in which to assess the full success of the restoration programme. Although species-rich meadows can be easily and quickly destroyed by modern agricultural methods, it should be no surprise that the re-creation of such communities – which have been many centuries, at least, in the making – cannot be fully achieved in so few years. In another way the Hay Time project was remarkable, in that it engaged with a large public through the annual Flowers of the Dales Festival, which.

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