The History of Trade Unionism

The History of Trade Unionism

Sidney Webb, Beatrice Webb

Language: English

Pages: 457

ISBN: 134525718X

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

The Webbs were major voices in British socialism, economic studies, and the scholarship of the cooperative movement. This influential work, published in 1894, details how the British trade union movement began and developed. It is a cornerstone of the British concept of the welfare society, incorporating organized labor into modern economic thought.

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Shortening of hours enjoyed by his fellow-tradesmen; and that his failure to secure a shorter day was an incidental consequence of the existence of legislative restrictions. Thus, at the very time that the textile operatives and coalminers were, as we have seen, exhibiting a marked tendency to look more and more to Parliamentary action for the protection of the Standard of Life, the facts, as they presented themselves to the Amalgamated Engineer or Carpenter, were leading the members of these.

So complete a victory, the employers found themselves driven to a system of Collective Bargaining even more systematic and national than before prevailed. The new conditions of working were embodied in a collective agreement, by which every important engineering firm, and every engineering workman finds himself practically bound. Any grievances at particular works are now dealt with, first by district conferences, and eventually by a joint conference of employers and employed, representing the.

Most of the General and Assistant Secretaries of the great Trade Friendly Societies—organisations in which the mass of routine benefit business is so enormous that only the ablest officials succeed in rising above it. Of the other type, the Trade Official, the most conspicuous representatives are the officials of the Cotton-spinners and the Coalminers, whose advent to the Trade Union world about 1872 we described in a previous chapter. Another section of Trade Officials is made up of the District.

Congleton in 1822, his father, who had once occupied a superior position, being then a journeyman machinist. The boy went to work in engine shops at the age of fourteen, and came to London in 1840 (where he worked in the same shop as Sir Henry James, then an engineer pupil), and eventually rose to be foreman. After his dismissal he took a public-house at Ratcliffe, and devoted himself largely to the promotion of the amalgamation of the engineering societies. In 1852 he became, for a short period,.

Polling in Southwark, as it proves that you have the majority of the Liberal party with you, and that you have called out an increased amount of political feeling in the borough. It is plain that the Whigs intend to monopolise political power as long as they can without coalescing in any degree with the Radicals. The working men are quite right in allowing Tories to get into the House to defeat this exclusive feeling of the Whigs, and may do it without sacrificing any principle. The working men's.

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