Stuart Britain: A Very Short Introduction
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The Great Fire, the Black Death, flip-flopping religious persecution, the overthrow and reinstatement of the monarchy. The Stuart Britain era, a notch on the timeline spanning roughly 1603-1714, is one of the most interesting times in the history of Britain. John Morrill's Stuart Britain: A Very Short Introduction brings us the major events, characters, and issues of the day. Special attention is given to the defeat King Charles I by the Parliamentary Army, and the successive waves of authoritarian Puritan, Protestant and Catholic rule which followed. Vividly illustrated and full of intriguing details, this is an ideal introduction a fascinating time.
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Back, to arrest five members of the Commons during a sitting of the House. In these circumstances, to entrust Charles with recruiting and commanding the army to subjugate the Irish, an army available for service in England, was unthinkable. John Pym now led a parliamentary attack on Charles I as a deranged king, a man unfit to wield the powers of his office. In the 18 months before the outbreak of civil war, a majority of the Commons and a minority of the House of Lords came to share that.
To govern while he stood aside had failed. The army alone propped up the republic and could make and break governments. The army must be made responsible for governing. Lord Protector Cromwell From December 1653 until his death in September 1658, Oliver Cromwell ruled England as lord protector and head of state. Under two paper constitutions, the Instrument of Government (1653–7, issued by the Army Council) and the Humble Petition and Advice (1657–8, drawn up by Parliament), Cromwell as head.
Cut off. 79 Anglican Disillusionment There was no recovering the old triumphalism after 1660. The Church might be outwardly restored to its ancient forms at the Restoration, but it had neither the self-assurance nor the power to reimpose a general uniformity. Anglican apologetics was defensive and edgy. With the disappearance of High Commission and the rust of disuse settled in its diocesan courts, the Church lacked the weapons to punish defaulters. The ignominy of its abolition left it.
1650s. D. Hirst, Authority and Conflict 1603–58 (London, 1985). S. J. Houston, James I (London, 1973). J. R. Jones, The Revolution of 1688 in England (London, 1972). J. R. Jones, Country and Court 1658–1714 (London, 1979). J. P. Kenyon, The Stuarts (London, 1958). J. P. Kenyon, The Popish Plot (London, 1972). M. MacCurtain, Tudor and Stuart Ireland (Dublin, 1972), a short analysis. J. Miller, James II: A Study in Kingship (London, 1978). T. W. Moody, F. X. Martin, and F. J. Byrne (eds),.
Inherited an income of £350,000 a year. By the later 1630s this had risen to £1,000,000 a year and by the 1650s to £2,000,000 a year. This is a notable increase. It meant that, throughout the seventeenth century, the Stuarts could finance their activities in peacetime. As the century wore on, revenues from Crown lands and Crown feudal and prerogative right fell away to be an insignificant part of royal revenues. The ordinary revenues of the Crown became predominantly those derived from taxing.