Introduction to Modern Astrophysics: Pearson New International Edition

Introduction to Modern Astrophysics: Pearson New International Edition

Bradley W. Carroll, Dale A. Ostlie

Language: English

Pages: 1479

ISBN: 2:00336735

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

An Introduction to Modern Astrophysics, Second Edition has been thoroughly revised to reflect the dramatic changes and advancements in astrophysics that have occurred over the past decade. The Second Edition of this market-leading book has been updated to include the latest results from relevant fields of astrophysics and advances in our theoretical understanding of astrophysical phenomena.

Designed for sophomore-level astrophysics for astronomy and physics majors,An Introduction to Modern Astrophysics is now offered in two derivative versions: Introduction to Modern Stellar Astrophysics, Second Edition and Introduction to Modern Galactic Astrophysics and Cosmology, Second Edition. The core text is geared for courses in stellar structure and evolution, while the briefer books provide additional coverage of the solar system, galactic and extragalactic astronomy, dynamics, evolution, and cosmology.

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Used to look at the heavens with a probing eye. The study of astronomy is a natural extension of human curiosity in its purest form. Just as a small child is always asking why this or that is the way it is, the goal of an astronomer is to attempt to understand the nature of the universe in all of its complexity, simply for the sake of understanding—the ultimate end of any intellectual adventure. In a very real sense, the true beauty of the heavens lies not only in observing the stars on a dark.

Depend on the choice of origin for the frames S and S . This is unacceptable, since the laws of physics cannot depend on the numerical coordinates of an arbitrarily chosen coordinate system. 3 The theory of special relativity deals only with inertial reference frames, whereas the general theory includes accelerating frames. 4 These equations were first derived by Hendrik A. Lorentz (1853–1928) of the Netherlands but were applied to a different situation involving a reference frame at absolute.

Newtonian limit, both forms must be true if Eq. (45) is to be correct. The proofs will be left as exercises. The right-hand side of this expression for the kinetic energy consists of the difference between two energy terms. The first is identified as the total relativistic energy E, E= mc2 1 − v 2 /c2 = γ mc2 . (46) The second term is an energy that does not depend on the speed of the particle; the particle has this energy even when it is at rest. The term mc2 is called the rest energy of the.

Star. (c) Calculate the speed of Barnard’s star through space. 2 When salt is sprinkled on a flame, yellow light consisting of two closely spaced wavelengths, 588.997 nm and 589.594 nm, is produced. They are called the sodium D lines and were observed by Fraunhofer in the Sun’s spectrum. (a) If this light falls on a diffraction grating with 300 lines per millimeter, what is the angle between the second-order spectra of these two wavelengths? (b) How many lines of this grating must be illuminated.

Observations of the heavens before attitude control was lost as a result of a geomagnetic storm July 14, 2000. Launched in 1999 and named for the Nobel Prize–winning astrophysicist Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar (1910–1995), the Chandra X-ray Observatory [Fig. 27(a)] operates in the energy range from 0.2 keV to 10 keV (6.2 nm to 0.1 nm, respectively) with an angular resolution of approximately 0.5 . Because X-rays cannot be focused in the same way that longer wavelengths can, grazing incidence.

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