A Universe from Nothing: Why There Is Something Rather than Nothing
Lawrence M. Krauss
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Bestselling author and acclaimed physicist Lawrence Krauss offers a paradigm-shifting view of how everything that exists came to be in the first place.
“Where did the universe come from? What was there before it? What will the future bring? And finally, why is there something rather than nothing?”
One of the few prominent scientists today to have crossed the chasm between science and popular culture, Krauss describes the staggeringly beautiful experimental observations and mind-bending new theories that demonstrate not only can something arise from nothing, something will always arise from nothing. With a new preface about the significance of the discovery of the Higgs particle, A Universe from Nothing uses Krauss’s characteristic wry humor and wonderfully clear explanations to take us back to the beginning of the beginning, presenting the most recent evidence for how our universe evolved—and the implications for how it’s going to end.
Provocative, challenging, and delightfully readable, this is a game-changing look at the most basic underpinning of existence and a powerful antidote to outmoded philosophical, religious, and scientific thinking.
Foreground, the effect was so small that it appeared absolutely unmeasurable, which led him to make the remark mentioned above—that it was unlikely that such a phenomenon could ever be observed. As a result, Einstein figured that his paper had little practical value. As he put it in his covering letter to the editor of Science at the time: “Let me also thank you for your cooperation with the little publication, which Mister Mandl squeezed out of me. It is of little value, but it makes the poor.
First proposed non-flat, or so-called non-Euclidean, geometries realized that the same possibilities could exist in three dimensions. In fact, the most famous mathematician of the nineteenth century, Carl Friedrich Gauss, was so fascinated by the possibility that our own universe might be curved that he took data in the 1820s and ’30s from geodetic survey maps to measure large triangles between the German mountain peaks of Hoher Hagen, Inselberg, and Brocken to determine if he could detect any.
Come from?” or “Who created that?” and so on. Ultimately, many thoughtful people are driven to the apparent need for First Cause, as Plato, Aquinas, or the modern Roman Catholic Church might put it, and thereby to suppose some divine being: a creator of all that there is, and all that there ever will be, someone or something eternal and everywhere. Nevertheless, the declaration of a First Cause still leaves open the question, “Who created the creator?” After all, what is the difference between.
Empirical testing, even if the likelihood is small. But beyond this, the possible existence of these extra dimensions provides a huge challenge to the hope that our universe is unique. Even if one starts with a unique theory in ten dimensions (which, I repeat, we do not yet know exist), then every different way of compactifying the invisible six dimensions can result in a different type of four-dimensional universe, with different laws of physics, different forces, different particles, and.
Configuration of fields within it produces a period of inflation, then even an initially tiny closed universe can rapidly, exponentially expand, becoming closer and closer to an infinitely large flat universe during this period. After one hundred or so doubling times of such inflation, the universe will be so close to flat that it could easily last much longer than our universe has been around without collapsing. Another possibility actually exists, one that always gives me a slight twinge of.