A Dictionary of British Place-Names (Oxford Quick Reference)
A. D. Mills
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
An expanded version of the best-selling Dictionary of English Place-Names, this dictionary now also covers Scottish, Welsh, and Irish place-names. From Abbas Combe to Zennor it gives the meaning and origin of over 15,000 British place-names.
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+ land. Crowle N. Lincs. Crule 1086 (DB), Crull c.1070. Originally the name of a river here (now gone through draining), from OE *crull meaning ‘winding’. Crowle Worcs. Crohlea 9th cent., Croelai 1086 (DB). ‘Woodland clearing by the nook or corner’. OE *crōh + lēah. Crowmarsh Gifford Oxon. Cravmares 1086 (DB), Cromershe Giffard 1316. ‘Marsh frequented by crows’. OE crāwe + mersc, with manorial affix from a man called Gifard who held the manor in 1086. Crownthorpe Norfolk. Congrethorp,.
‘homestead of the family or followers of a man called *Ytra or *Ytri’. OE pers. name + -inga- + hām . Ivegill Cumbria. Yuegill 1361. ‘Deep narrow valley of the River Ive’. OScand. river-name (meaning ‘yew stream’) + gil. Ivel (river) Beds., Herts., see NORTHILL. Iver Bucks. Evreham 1086 (DB), Eura c. 1130. ‘(Place by) the brow of a hill or the tip of a promontory’. OE yfer (-am in the Domesday spelling is a Latin ending). Iveston Durham. Yuestan, Ivestan 12th cent. ‘Boundary stone of a man.
‘(Place at) the valley’. OE denu with the later addition of micel ‘great’. Mitchell Cornwall. Meideshol 1239. Probably ‘maiden’s hollow’. OE mægd(en) + hol. Mitchelstown (Baile Mhistéala) Cork. Villa Michel 13th cent. ‘Mitchel’s townland’. The name is probably that of a Welsh-Norman landowner. Mitford Northum. Midford 1196. ‘Ford where two streams join’. OE (ge) mӯthe + ford. Mitton, ‘farmstead where two rivers join’, OE (ge) mӯthe + tūn; examples include: Mitton, Great Lancs. Mitune 1086.
OE pers. name + burh (dative byrig). Saintfield (Tamhnaigh Naomh) Down. Tawnaghnym 1605. ‘Field of saints’. Salcombe, ‘salt valley’, OE sealt + cumb: Salcombe Devon. Saltecumbe 1244. Salcombe Regis Devon. Sealtcumbe c.1060, Selcome 1086 (DB). Affix is Latin regis ‘of the king’. Salcott Essex. Saltcot c.1200. ‘Building where salt is made or stored’. OE sealt + cot. Sale Traffd. Sale c.1205. ‘(Place at) the sallow-tree’. OE salh in a dative form sale. Saleby Lincs. Salebi 1086 (DB). Possibly.
(DB), Shelfleie 1198. ‘Woodland clearing on a shelf of level ground’. OE scelf + lēah. Shellingford Oxon. Scaringaford 931, Serengeford 1086 (DB). ‘Ford of the family or followers of a man called *Scear’. OE pers. name + -inga- + ford. Shellow Bowells Essex. Scelga 1086 (DB), Scheuele Boueles 1303. ‘Winding river’ (with reference to the River Roding). OE *Sceolge from sceolh ‘twisted’. Manorial affix from the de Bueles family, here in the 13th cent. Shelton, ‘farmstead on a shelf of level.